A web hosting service is a type of Internet
hosting service that allows individuals and organizations to provide their own
websites accessible via the World Wide Web. Web hosts are companies that
provide space on a server they own for use by their clients as well as
providing Internet connectivity, typically in a data center. Webhosts can also
provide data center space and connectivity to the Internet for servers they do
not own to be located in their data center, called colocation.
Web page hosting is generally sufficient only for personal web pages. A complex site calls for a more comprehensive package that provides database support and application development platforms (e.g. PHP, Java, and ASP.NET). These facilities allow the customers to write or install scripts for applications like forums and content management. For e-commerce, SSL is also required.
The host may also provide a Web interface control panel (e.g. cPanel, Hosting Controller, Plesk or View a list of Control panels) for managing the Web server and installing scripts as well as other services like e-mail. Control panels and web interfaces have been causing some controversy lately as Web.com claims that it holds patent rights to the hosting technology with its 19 patents. Hostopia, a large wholesale host, recently purchased a license to use that technology from web.com for 10% of retail revenues. Web.com recently sued Godaddy as well for similar patent infringement .
Some hosts specialize in certain software or
services (e.g. e-commerce). They are commonly used by larger companies to
outsource network infrastructure to a hosting company. To find a web hosting
company, there are searchable directories that can be used.
If you were to think of the uptime percentages offered by providers, over a given year you would have the following downtime:
100% - 0 hours 0 minutes
Hosting services limited to the Web:
Free web hosting service: is free,
(sometimes) advertisement-supported web hosting, and is sometimes limited
when compared to paid hosting.
The term domain name has multiple related meanings:
A name that is entered into a computer
(e.g. as part of a Web site or other URL, or an e-mail address). These
names are technically hostnames.
This article will primarily discuss registered domain names. See the Domain Name System article for technical discussions about general domain names and the hostname article for further information about the most common type of domain name.
The most common type of domain names are hostnames that provide more memorable names to stand in for numeric IP addresses. They allow for any service to move to a different location in the topology of the Internet (or an intranet), which would then have a different IP address.
By making possible the use of unique alphabetical addresses instead of numeric ones, domain names allow Internet users to easily find and communicate with web sites and other server-based services. The flexibility of the domain name system allows multiple IP addresses to be assigned to a single domain name, or multiple domain names to be assigned to a single IP address. This means that one server may have multiple roles (such as hosting multiple independent Web sites), or one role can be spread among many servers. One IP address can even be assigned to several servers, such as with anycast and hijacked IP space.
Hostnames are restricted to using only the ASCII letters "a" through "z' (case-insenstive), the digits "0" through "9" and the hyphen, along with a few other restrictions. Registrars restrict the domains that they will allow to be registered to valid hostnames since, otherwise, they would be useless. The Internationalized domain name (IDN) system has been developed to bypass these restrictions on what characters can be used in hostnames, making it easier for non-english speakers to use the Internet. The underscore character is frequently used to ensure that a domain name is not recognized as a hostname, for example with the use of SRV records, although some older systems, such as Netbios allowed it. Due to confusion and other reasons, domain names with underscores in them are sometimes used where hostnames are required.
The following example illustrates the difference
between a URL (Uniform Resource Locator) and a domain name:
For example, as referenced in RFC 2606 (Reserved
Top Level DNS Names), the server at IP address 220.127.116.11 handles all of the
following sites: example.com, www.example.com,
However, once the World Wide Web became popular, site operators frequently wished to have memorable addresses, regardless of whether they fit properly in the structure; thus, since the .com domain was the most popular and memorable, even noncommercial sites would often get addresses under it, and sites of all sorts wished to have second-level domain registrations even if they were parts of a larger entity where a logical subdomain would have made sense (e.g., abcnews.com instead of news.abc.com). A Web site found at http://www.example.org will often be advertised without the "http://", and in most cases can be reached by just entering "example.org" into a Web browser. In the case of a .com, the Web site can sometimes be reached by just entering "example" (depending on browser versions and configuration settings, which vary in how they interpret incomplete addresses).
The popularity of domain names also led to uses which were regarded as abusive by established companies with trademark rights; this was known as cybersquatting, in which somebody took a name that resembled a trademark in order to profit from traffic to that address. To combat this, various laws and policies were enacted to allow abusive registrations to be forcibly transferred, but these were sometimes themselves abused by overzealous companies committing reverse domain hijacking against domain users who had legitimate grounds to hold their names, such as their being generic words as well as trademarks in a particular context, or their use in the context of fan or protest sites with free speech rights of their own.
Laws that specifically address domain name conflicts include the Anticybersquatting Consumer Protection Act in the United States and the Trademarks Act, 1999, in India. Alternatively, domain registrants are bound by contract under the UDRP to comply with mandatory arbitration proceedings should someone challenge their ownership of the domain name.
An economic effect of the widespread usage of domain names has been the resale market for generic domain names that has sprung up in the last decade. Certain domains, especially those related to business, gambling, pornography, and other commercially lucrative fields of digital world trade have become very much in demand to corporations and entrepreneurs due to their intrinsic value in attracting clients. The most expensive Internet domain name to date, according to Guinness World Records, is business.com which was resold in 1999 for $7.5 million, but this was $7.5 million in stock options, not in cash. Later the stock was valued at, not sold, for $2 million and may even be worth less today Newsweek . There are disputes about the high values of domain names claimed and the actual prices of many sales.
Another high value domain name, sex.com, was stolen from its rightful owner by means of a forged transfer instruction via fax. During the height of the dot-com era, the domain was earning millions of dollars per month in advertising revenue from the large influx of visitors that arrived daily. Two long-running U.S. lawsuits resulted, one against the thief and one against the domain registrar VeriSign. In one of the cases, Kremen v. Network Solutions, the court found in favor of the plaintiff, leading to an unprecedented ruling that classified domain names as property, granting them the same legal protections. In 1999, Microsoft traded the valuable name Bob.com with internet entrepreneur Bob Kerstein for the name Windows2000.com which was the name of their new operating system.
One of the reasons for the value of domain names is that even without advertising or marketing, they attract clients seeking services and products who simply type in the generic name. Furthermore, generic domain names such as movies.com or Books.com are extremely easy for potential customers to remember, increasing the probability that they become repeat customers or regular clients.
Although the current domain market is nowhere as strong as it was during the dot-com heyday, it remains strong and is currently experiencing solid growth again. Annually tens of millions of dollars change hands due to the resale of domains. Large numbers of registered domain names lapse and are deleted each year. On average 25,000 domain names drop (are deleted) every day.
People who buy and sell domain names are known as domainers.
Many people ask if this domain is for sale. Are
you living in a real world? Everything is for sale, so this domain too.
Shared Web hosting - Dedicated servers - Domain name registration